Disclaimer: I am neither a historian nor a student of history. These are notes for self reference, from books I have read.
Vedic Period (1500-600 BC)
Rig Vedic Age/Early Vedic Age (1500-1000 BC, discovery of Iron):
The word veda derived from vid(to know) meaning knowledge for excellence.
Vedic texts are Sruti (heard) believed to have directly revealted to the authors by God.
II to VII → earliest
I and X → latest
1017 hyms + 10 valakhilyas Sukta
Original homeland (Steppe, grassland around Caspian sea)
Iran & Asia Minor
⇩(Through Hindukush, Sulaiman range)
Settled in Sapta Sindhu (land of seven rivers, Punjab,also referred to as the Brahmavarta)
Aryans came in several waves:
Conflict with Dasas and Dasyus
Sambara by Divodasa, who belonged to the Bharata clan
The Aryans were hostile to dasya, original inhabitants of the country
Trasadasyu(Aryan) : those who killed dasyus
Battle of Tenkings:
dāśarājñá, mentioned in RV, Book 7.
took place on bank of River Parusni (Ravi).
The Aryans were divided into five tribes called Panch
Bharatha vs 10 Chiefs (5 Aryans and 5 Non Aryans)
Bharata/Trtsu was headed by Sudas.
Vashishta was priest of Trtsu while Vishwamitra supported 10 kings tribes.
Rivers: The Nadistuti sukta, “hymn of praise of rivers”, is hymn 10.75 of the Rigveda.
Parusani (or Airavati)
Sindhu (River par excellence)
Saraswati, (naditarana crossing a river.
Maruvridha (Identified by Stein)
Kashmir was known as Manoravasarana
Afghanistan was known as kambojal gandhara
Oldest text in iranian Language
Iraq Arayans name came from this
it gives info about Indira, Varuna, Mitra Natasya
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